The Company's Honorary Curator, Dr Andrew Wilton, will be writing occasional articles on works of art owned by the Company. His first article, on the marble bust of Thomas Evans, is below.
Marble Bust of Thomas
Edward Pearce (or Pierce) d. 1695
Thomas Evans was Upper Warden in 1664 and Master in 1666-67. Pearce’s bust may date from that time but
is generally assigned to a decade later.
It is a superlative example of
Baroque portrait sculpture, reflecting the influence of Bernini – especially
perhaps the bust of Louis XIV of 1665 at Versailles; another fine bust by
Bernini, that of Sir Thomas Baker, dating from 1638, was in England, in Sir
Peter Lely’s collection, by 1680 (it is now in the Victoria and Albert Museum). But Pearce’s bust is an assured and
imaginative work in its own right. The
spectacular undercutting of the sumptuously curled wig and the delicate lace
bands at his neck are incorporated into the easy rhythms of an entirely natural
and unforced pose which is at the same time grand and expressive of vigorous
Most sculpture of the time to have come down to us with the artist’s
name attached is by practitioners from abroad – van Nost, Rysbrack etc. Pearce
reveals himself here as an independent master worthy to stand alongside them,
and indeed was a prolific and celebrated artist, a sculptor in both wood and
stone as well as painter, in his day. His
father, also Edward, was a Painter-Stainer who died in 1658, an artist ‘of some
repute’, as the Dictionary of National
Biography says, as a painter of decorative panels and altarpieces for City
churches, though none of these are
Pearce attracted attention when
he executed wood-carvings for Sir Charles Wolseley at Wolseley Hall, and went
on to carry out much work for Wren at St Lawrence Jewry and several other City
churches, as well as the Guildhall. The
dragon on the weather-vane of St Mary le Bow was designed by him.The wooden swags and drops that he carved in
1664 to flank the front door of Painters’ Hall have survived the vicissitudes
of fire and bombing, and are now in the entrance of the new Hall, and his
glass-painting of the Royal Arms is also preserved in the Court Room.
In 1685, at the expense of the Fishmongers,
he produced a statue of Queen Elizabeth for the Royal Exchange, for which place
he also made a statue of Sir Thomas Gresham.
His bust of Wren is in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
His work was held in high esteem both in England and abroad. Rupert Gunnis, in his Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851 (London 1951), records a
party given by the antiquary John Talman (son of the architect William Talman)
in Rome in 1711: ‘around the walls were painted heads of famous Italian and
English artists – Palladio, Raphael and Bonaroti [sic], on the one side, and Inigo Jones, [Isaac] Fuller and Pearce
on the other.’
The bust was restored and cleaned by Taylor Pearce Restoration Services
Ltd in 2017.